DG Journal Club
Eur J Ophthalmol. 2021 Jul
Distal acquired lacrimal obstruction is a common adulthood pathology whose primary treatment is represented by EXT-DCR and END-DCR. When considering their influencing factors, the role of the type of anaesthesia applied during these surgeries has a major role. The aim of this study is to systematically analyse the influence of general and local/regional anaesthesia on the final success rates of EXT-DCR and END-DCR. Primary EXT-DCR and END-DCR articles published later than 2000 with at least 50 single clinician procedures were selected. Exclusion criteria included acute dacryocystitis, tumours, studies focussing on revision surgeries, surgeries with adjunctive procedures, not clearly demarcated surgeons, mixed cohort study of acquired and congenital disorders. This systematic review was conducted in accordance with MOOSE guidelines; where feasible, a meta-analysis of the collected results was conducted. As a result, 11,445 articles were selected of which 2741 were examined after screening, and 16 included after full text review (0.6% of the initial papers). Among all papers included, the number of EXT-DCR was not enough to provide a solid analysis of the effect of anaesthesia; conversely, a significant difference of success rate was noted between local anaesthesia + sedation (85.1%, IC 77.8%-90.4%), and general anaesthesia (90.8%, IC 88.8%-92.4%) in END-DCR ( p = 0.048). In conclusion, END-DCR performed with general anaesthesia should be considered as the solution of choice; however, local anaesthesia, eventually associated with a sedation, can be used as an alternative in selected cases. No meaningful conclusions could be drawn for EXT-DCR, due to the lack of data.