J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2015 Oct;29(5):1172-9.
Authors: Jia L et al
To compare the effects of propofol, sevoflurane, and the combination of the 2 on circulating lymphocytes in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery.
A prospective, randomized study.
A university hospital.
One hundred five patients undergoing elective OPCAB surgery.
Participants were randomized to receive sevoflurane (group S), propofol (group P), or coadministration (group C) of sevoflurane- and propofol-maintained anesthesia.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:
Blood samples were obtained before, during, and after surgery. Caspase-3 and apoptosis-inducing factor in lymphocytes were evaluated by Western blot. During surgery, 5 minutes after revascularization of the left anterior descending artery, 5 minutes after all anastomoses (T4), and after the sternal closure (T5), caspase-3 expression of group S was higher than that of group P (p = 0.02) and group C (p = 0.02). At T4 and T5, expression of active apoptosis-inducing factor in group S was higher than that in the other 2 groups (p = 0.03 and p = 0.04, respectively). 24 hours after surgery, the lymphocyte count of group S (0.55/nL) was lower than that of group P (0.73/nL, p = 0.02) and group C (0.73/nL, p = 0.03). Intensive care unit stay of group S (3.0 days) was longer than that of the other 2 groups (2.2 days, p = 0.02 and 2.1 days, p = 0.01).
OPCAB surgery was associated with postoperative lymphopenia. Regarding a protective effect for circulating lymphocytes, propofol and the combination of sevoflurane- and propofol-maintained anesthesia were both superior to sevoflurane-maintained anesthesia.