J Clin Anesth. 2022 Apr 27; 80 110795
STUDY OBJECTIVE This study was aimed to assess the association between the use of epidural analgesia during labor and mother-infant bonding.
DESIGN A cross-sectional study.
SETTING Maternity ward at Soroka University Medical Center during 2020.
PATIENTS Women who delivered a singleton live-born infant vaginally in their immediate post-partum period.
INTERVENTIONS Women completed questionnaires. 25 items post-partum bonding questionnaire (PBQ) to assess mother-infant bonding (A high score on the PBQ indicates impaired mother-infant bonding) and the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) questionnaire to assess risk for post-partum depression.
MEASUREMENTS The study used PBQ questionnaire and four sub-scales to assess mother-infant bonding and the EPDS questionnaire to assess risk for post- partum depression. Generalized linear regression models (gamma) were constructed to examine the association between epidural analgesia and mother-infant bonding total score and impaired bonding sub- scale, while adjusting for confounders Additional information such as pregnancy complications and sociodemographic data was drawn from women’s medical records.
MAIN RESULTS A total of 234 women were included in the final analysis, of them 126 (53.8%) delivered with epidural analgesia. The total PBQ score was significantly lower among women who received epidural analgesia compared to women without epidural analgesia (7.6 vs. 10.2, p = 0.024), demonstrating a better mother -infant bonding. Using two multivariable linear regression models, controlling for confounders such as maternal age and educational status, epidural analgesia during labor was independently associated with a better mother -infant bonding total score and better impaired bonding sub-scale score (Beta coefficient-0.252, 95% CI -0.5; -0.006, p = 0.045 and Beta coefficient – 0.34, 95% CI -0.52; -0.08, p = 0.01 for mother-infant bonding total score and sub-scale score, respectively). No differences in post-partum depression risks were found between the groups (EDPS≥13, 5.7% vs. 13%, p = 0.058).
CONCLUSION Our study demonstrated better mother -infant bonding among women delivering with epidural analgesia.
Leave a Reply
You must be logged in to post a comment.