METHODS: In this study, 58 women who were scheduled for cesarean delivery under spinal and epidural anesthesia were recruited. Patients were randomly assigned to a control or treatment group. In the control group, the catheter was fixed solely by film dressing. In the treatment group, a small amount of Aron Alpha A was applied at 2 sites along the catheter. The fixation area was then covered by film dressing. The catheter insertion length was recorded after fixation (T0), immediately postoperatively (T1), on postoperative day 1 (T2), and when the catheter was removed (T3). The change in insertion length from T0 to T3 between the 2 groups was the primary outcome measure. The incidence of catheter failure was also recorded. For all comparisons, P < .05 was considered statistically significant.
RESULTS: Initially, 58 women were enrolled; however, 3 patients were excluded. From the remaining 55 patients, 27 and 28 were assigned to the control and treatment groups, respectively, and were evaluated. The change in insertion length from T0 to T3 was significantly more in the control group compared with the treatment group (−1.9 ± 2.2 vs 0 ± 0 cm, respectively; P < .001). In the control group, 11 catheters (41%) failed; in the treatment group, all catheters provided effective analgesia throughout the study (P < .001).
CONCLUSIONS: Epidural catheter fixation using film dressing combined with 2-ethyl cyanoacrylate adhesive application at 2 sites along the catheter resulted in secure fixation in patients receiving postoperative epidural analgesia for cesarean delivery.