The aim of this study was to find out whether the preoperative continuation of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) treatment is associated with intraoperative hypotension immediately after induction of general anesthesia in elective noncardiac surgeries.
The primary outcome measure was intraoperative hypotension after induction of general anesthesia. The secondary outcome measure was preoperative medication use, medications taken the morning of surgery, induction medication and dosage, and vasopressor medication use during induction.
Three hundred forty-nine patients were included for final analysis. The mean admission American Society of Anesthesiologists status was 2.7 ± 0.5, age 65 ± 11 years, and body mass index 31 ± 6.9 kg/m2. There were no statistically significant changes between the no ACE-I/ARB group and the ACE-I/ARB group in systolic blood pressure (p = 0.853), diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.357), and heart rate (p = 0.220) change over the 15 minutes. There was no statistical difference in induction medication dose (propofol, fentanyl, and rocuronium) and pressor use (p = 0.137) for hypotension between the 2 groups. Statistically significant hypotension (p < 0.001) occurred in both groups equally over 15 minutes.
Continuation of ACE-I/ARB on the day of surgery was not associated with increased risk of intraoperative hypotension upon induction and within 15 minutes of general anesthesia in elective noncardiac surgeries.