METHODS: Myocardial injury was defined by postoperative fourth-generation troponin T ≥0.03 ng/mL apparently due to cardiac ischemia. Data were extracted for inpatients who had noncardiac surgery with general anesthesia at the Cleveland Clinic between 2012 and 2015. All had esophageal temperature monitoring and routine postoperative troponin monitoring. We estimated the confounder-adjusted association between final intraoperative esophageal temperature and the collapsed composite with multivariable logistic regression. We similarly estimated associations with time-weighted average intraoperative temperature and area <37°C.
RESULTS: Two thousand two hundred ten patients were included. Nearly all final esophageal temperatures were 36°C–37°C. Ninety-seven patients (4.4%) had myocardial injury, and 7 (0.3%) died before discharge. Final intraoperative core temperature was not associated with the collapsed composite: odds ratio, 0.91 (95% confidence interval, 0.68–1.24) per 1°C decrease. Similarly, neither of the secondary exposures was associated with the composite outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: We did not observe an association between mild perioperative hypothermia and mortality or myocardial injury in adults having noncardiac surgery. However, the range of final intraoperative temperatures was small and largely restricted to the normothermic range (36°C–37°C). Trials are needed to further assess the effect of temperature on myocardial injury.
- Question: Is intraoperative temperature associated with perioperative myocardial injury?
- Findings: There was no association between intraoperative temperature and myocardial injury over a narrow range of final intraoperative core temperatures.
- Meaning: Evidence for very mild hypothermia causing myocardial injury is currently weak.