DG Journal Club
BACKGROUND Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is an important part of the lung protection strategies for one-lung ventilation (OLV). However, a fixed PEEP value is not suitable for all patients. Our objective was to determine the prevention of individualized PEEP on postoperative complications in patients undergoing one-lung ventilation.
METHOD We searched the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane and performed a meta-analysis to compare the effect of individual PEEP vs fixed PEEP during single lung ventilation on postoperative pulmonary complications. Our primary outcome was the occurrence of postoperative pulmonary complications during follow-up. Secondary outcomes included the partial pressure of arterial oxygen and oxygenation index during one-lung ventilation.
RESULT Eight studies examining 849 patients were included in this review. The rate of postoperative pulmonary complications was reduced in the individualized PEEP group with a risk ratio of 0.52 (95% CI:0.37-0.73; P = .0001). The partial pressure of arterial oxygen during the OLV in the individualized PEEP group was higher with a mean difference 34.20 mm Hg (95% CI: 8.92-59.48; P = .0004). Similarly, the individualized PEEP group had a higher oxygenation index, MD: 49.07mmHg, (95% CI: 27.21-70.92; P < .0001).
CONCLUSIONS Individualized PEEP setting during one-lung ventilation in patients undergoing thoracic surgery was associated with fewer postoperative pulmonary complications and better perioperative oxygenation.