Authors: Trautmann A et al
Contact Dermatitis (Oct 2018)
OBJECTIVES To assess the frequency and symptoms of late-type hypersensitivity occurring several hours after LA injections.
METHODS We retrospectively evaluated clinical data and test results from all patients referred to our allergy clinic in a period of 20 years for diagnostic work-up of LA-associated late-type reactions.
RESULTS Of 202 patients reporting symptoms with onset at least 1 hour after LA injection, 40 had cutaneous inflammation confined to the injection site, and 162 reported various systemic symptoms. LA hypersensitivity could be excluded in all patients with systemic complaints by means of skin testing and subsequent subcutaneous provocation. In 8 of the 40 patients (20%) with local inflammatory reactions, late-type allergic LA hypersensitivity was confirmed.
CONCLUSIONS Late-type LA allergy commonly causes inflammatory skin reactions confined to the injection site. Conversely, LAs are highly unlikely to trigger delayed systemic symptoms such as urticarial or exanthematous skin eruptions.