DG Journal Club
DESIGN Retrospective, single-center study.
SETTING Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, MI.
PARTICIPANTS Patients undergoing TC-TAVR from 2015 to 2018.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS Seventy-nine patients were included in the analysis, which consisted of 38 under general anesthesia with an endotracheal tube and 41 under DS. The sample was divided into a general anesthesia (GA) group and DS group. There were no significant differences in implant success rate or post-procedure outcomes, including in-hospital mortality (p = 0.999) and major vascular complication rate (p = 0.481), between the two groups. Patients in the GA group stayed a median of 24 hours longer in the intensive care unit (ICU) (p<0.001) and one day longer in the hospital (p = 0.046) after the procedure compared to patients in the DS group. The median procedure time was significantly lower (135 minutes) in the DS group compared to the GA group (167 minutes, p<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS Patients undergoing TC-TAVR under DS had similar postoperative outcomes and shorter post-procedure hospital and ICU lengths of stay compared to general anesthesia. In the authors’ experience, DS is the preferred anesthetic technique for TC-TAVR.