U.S. life expectancy at birth has declined for the second year in a row, from 78.7 years in 2015 to 78.6 years in 2016, according to the latest CDC data.
Notable increases were observed in drug overdose deaths and suicides. The overdose rate nearly doubled from 2006 to 2016, hitting 19.8 deaths per 100,000. Meanwhile, suicide rates rose steadily among adults aged 25–44 years, reaching 16.9 deaths per 100,000 — higher than the heart disease death rate. Among those aged 15–24 years, suicide became the second leading cause of death in 2016, and among children aged 1–14 years, the rate reached 0.8 per 100,000.
CDC Director Dr. Robert Redfield said in a statement, “These sobering statistics are a wakeup call that we are losing too many Americans, too early and too often, to conditions that are preventable. … we must all work together to reverse this trend and help ensure that all Americans live longer and healthier lives.”