DG Journal Club
Eur J Med Res. 2022 Aug 6; 27(1): 141
OBJECTIVES Radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFT) is a type of Gasserian ganglion-level ablative intervention that is used for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Guidance technologies are used to assist in the cannulation of the foramen ovale (FO) or foramen rotundum (FR) target. We conducted a systematic review to assess the value of different guidance technologies for RFT.
METHODS We searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane database, Web of Science, and PROSPERO for studies published from January 2005 until December 2020. Randomized or nonrandomized comparative studies and nonrandomized studies without internal controls were included. The Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool and the nonrandomized studies of interventions-I tool were used to assess individual study characteristics and overall quality.
RESULTS Our query identified 765 publications, and we were able to analyze 11 studies on patients suffering from trigeminal neuralgia. Only one study involved randomized controlled trials, whereas the others featured nonrandomized designs, predominantly before-and-after comparisons. Most of them were observational studies. A total of 222 participants were included, with a median number (range) of 20 (3-53) participants. The objective response rate (ORR) of the one-puncture success rate of RFT using puncture guidance for trigeminal neuralgia was 92% [95% CI (0.79-1), P < 0.001]. Statistically significant differences were observed in the cannulation and operation times between the guided and manual puncture groups (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS RFT with puncture guidance technology has an absolute advantage in puncturing the foramen ovale or foramen rotundum.