DG Journal Club
Acta Orthop. 2022 Apr 14; 93 432-437
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) is the first-choice treatment for stiffness following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) unresponsive to pain management and physiotherapy. Some of the predisposing factors and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) following MUA remain poorly studied. We retrospectively investigated the etiological risk factors and the outcomes of MUA.
PATIENTS AND METHODS 391 TKA patients from a randomized trial comparing the use of a tourniquet and anesthesia (spinal or general) were analyzed, and patients needing MUA were identified (MUA group). We evaluated in-hospital opioid consumption, Oxford Knee Score (OKS), range of motion (ROM), and pain assessed by the Brief Pain Inventory-short form with a 1-year follow-up.
RESULTS 39 (10%) MUA patients were identified. The MUA patients were younger (60 years vs. 64 years, difference -4, 95% CI -6 to -1) and had higher postoperative oxycodone consumption (66 mg vs. 51 mg, median difference 11, CI 1-22) than the no-MUA patients. The proportion of MUA patients who contacted the emergency department within 3 months because of pain was larger than that of non-MUA patients (41% vs. 12%, OR 5, CI 3-10). At the 1-year follow-up, the ROM was improved by 39B0 following MUA, but the total ROM was worse in the MUA group (115B0 vs. 124B0, p<0.001). No difference was found in the OKS between the MUA and no-MUA patients.
INTERPRETATION Higher postoperative pain seems to predict MUA risk. MUA performed 3 months postoperatively offers substantial ROM improvement and comparable PROMs to no-MUA patients 1 year after TKA.