Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2015 April;59(7):921-7
Authors: Marashi SM et al
In this study, the effect of naloxone on duration of supraclavicular brachial plexus block was evaluated. It was hypothesized that naloxone can increase the duration of neural blockade.
Sixty-eight patients scheduled for surgery under supraclavicular brachial plexus block were randomly assigned to receive 30 ml bupivacaine (Group C); 30 ml bupivacaine with 100 μg of fentanyl (Group F); 30 ml bupivacaine with 100 ng naloxone (Group N); or 30 ml bupivacaine with 100 μg of fentanyl and 100 ng naloxone (Group N + F). Sensory and motor blockade were recorded at 5, 15, and 30 min following the block, and every 10 min following the end of surgery. Duration of sensory and motor block was considered to be the time interval between the complete block and the first postoperative pain and complete recovery of motor functions.
Sensory and motor onset times were the same in all groups. The duration of sensory and motor block in Group C (11.3 ± 1.7 h and 4.56 ± 1.0 h) and Group F (12.8 ± 3.3 h and 5.1 ± 2.0 h) were less than in the other groups (18.1 ± 2.2 h and 6.18 ± 1.0 h in Group N, and 15.8 ± 2.9 h and 6.53 ± 1.1 h in Group N + F, P < 0.0001).
Addition of naloxone to bupivacaine in supraclavicular brachial plexus block prolonged the duration of the neural blockade.