Authors: Moriyoshi Oji et al
BMC Anesthesiology volume 19, Article number: 169 (2019)
We previously demonstrated that lubrication of an endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff with K-Y™ jelly strongly and significantly inhibited the increase in cuff pressure during nitrous oxide (N2O) exposure in vitro. However, in our previous study, we identified critical differences between some influential factors, such as the amount of lubricant retained on the cuff, and studied temperature differences between laboratory and clinical conditions. Therefore, it remained unclear whether this effect holds true in clinical settings.
We first sought to study how changes in the amount of K-Y™ jelly and temperature influence the inhibitory effects of the lubricant on the increase in N2O-induced cuff pressure in vitro. Furthermore, we aimed to determine whether the application of K-Y™ jelly inhibits the increase in ETT cuff pressure during general anesthesia using N2O in adult patients.
In the laboratory studies, we found that K-Y™ jelly inhibited the cuff pressure increase dose-dependently when the dose of K-Y™ jelly was varied (P = 0.02), and that such an inhibitory effect decreased with an increase in the studied temperature (P = 0.019). In the clinical study, lubrication with K-Y™ jelly slightly, but significantly, delayed the increase in ETT cuff pressure during general anesthesia with N2O (P = 0.029). However, the inhibitory effect in the clinical settings was smaller than that in vitro.
Lubrication of the ETT cuff with K-Y™ jelly may delay the increase in cuff pressure during general anaesthesia with N2O. However, the clinical significance of this effect may be limited.