Authors: Audun Eskeland Rimehaug et al
BMC Anesthesiol. 2016;16(31)
Background: Changes in cardiac power parameters incorporate changes in both aortic flow and blood pressure. We hypothesized that dynamic and non-dynamic cardiac power parameters would track hypovolemia better than equivalent flow- and pressure parameters, both during spontaneous breathing and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV).
Methods: Fourteen healthy volunteers underwent lower body negative pressure (LBNP) of 0, −20, −40, −60 and −80 mmHg to simulate hypovolemia, both during spontaneous breathing and during NPPV. We recorded aortic flow using suprasternal ultrasound Doppler and blood pressure using Finometer, and calculated dynamic and non-dynamic parameters of cardiac power, flow and blood pressure. These were assessed on their association with LBNP-levels.
Results: Respiratory variation in peak aortic flow was the dynamic parameter most affected during spontaneous breathing increasing 103 % (p < 0.001) from baseline to LBNP −80 mmHg. Respiratory variation in pulse pressure was the most affected dynamic parameter during NPPV, increasing 119 % (p < 0.001) from baseline to LBNP −80 mmHg. The cardiac power integral was the most affected non-dynamic parameter falling 59 % (p < 0.001) from baseline to LBNP −80 mmHg during spontaneous breathing, and 68 % (p < 0.001) during NPPV.
Conclusions: Dynamic cardiac power parameters were not better than dynamic flow- and pressure parameters at tracking hypovolemia, seemingly due to previously unknown variation in peripheral vascular resistance matching respiratory changes in hemodynamics. Of non-dynamic parameters, the power parameters track hypovolemia slightly better than equivalent flow parameters, and far better than equivalent pressure parameters.