Authors: A. Kisilevsky et al
British Journal of Anesthesia February 2018
Both anaemia and blood transfusion are associated with poor outcomes in the neurosurgical population. Based on the available literature, the optimal haemoglobin concentration for neurologically injured patients appears to be in the range of 9.0–10.0 g dl−1, although the individual risks and benefits should be weighed. Several perioperative blood conservation strategies have been used successfully in neurosurgery, including correction of anaemia and coagulopathy, use of antifibrinolytics, and intraoperative cell salvage. Avoidance of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and starch-containing solutions is recommended given the potential for platelet dysfunction.