Intraoperative hypotension is associated with worse perioperative outcomes for patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. The Hypotension Prediction Index is a unitless number that is derived from an arterial pressure waveform trace, and as the number increases, the risk of hypotension occurring in the near future increases. We investigated the diagnostic ability of the Hypotension Prediction Index in predicting impending intraoperative hypotension in comparison to other commonly collected perioperative hemodynamic variables.
This is a 2-center retrospective analysis of patients undergoing major surgery. Data were downloaded and analyzed from the Edwards Lifesciences EV1000 platform. Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed for the Hypotension Prediction Index and other hemodynamic variables as well as event rates and time to event.
Two hundred fifty-five patients undergoing major surgery were included in the analysis yielding 292,025 data points. The Hypotension Prediction Index predicted hypotension with a sensitivity and specificity of 85.8% (95% CI, 85.8%–85.9%) and 85.8% (95% CI, 85.8%–85.9%) 5 minutes before a hypotensive event (area under the curve, 0.926 [95% CI, 0.925–0.926]); 81.7% (95% CI, 81.6%–81.8%) and 81.7% (95% CI, 81.6%–81.8%) 10 minutes before a hypotensive event (area under the curve, 0.895 [95% CI, 0.894–0.895]); and 80.6% (95% CI, 80.5%–80.7%) and 80.6% (95% CI, 80.5%–80.7%) 15 minutes before a hypotensive event (area under the curve, 0.879 [95% CI, 0.879–0.880]). The Hypotension Prediction Index performed superior to all other measured hemodynamic variables including mean arterial pressure and change in mean arterial pressure over a 3-minute window.
The Hypotension Prediction Index provides an accurate real time and continuous prediction of impending intraoperative hypotension before its occurrence and has superior predictive ability than the commonly measured perioperative hemodynamic variables.